British Agreement With Hong Kong
During the 2014 Umbrella Revolution, a campaign against perceived violations of mainland China in HKSAR, Chinese officials concluded for the first time that China considered the joint declaration “invalid,” according to a British MP.  This conclusion was found to be “manifestly erroneous” by a senior Hong Kong lawyer and rejected by the British Foreign Minister, who stated that the document was a legally binding agreement that had to be respected.   Rita Fan, then Hong Kong`s only representative on the Standing Committee of the National People`s Congress in Beijing, stated that responsibility for the UK`s oversight had expired and that the joint declaration did not provide for universal suffrage.  One of the most important achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial navigation, civil aviation, nuclear materials, cetacean fishing, the Submarine Telegraph, space and many others. It also agreed to a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Under these agreements, agreements were reached for the continued implementation of some 200 international conventions to HKSAR after 30 June 1997. Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. The National Security Act punishes what China generally defines as subversion, secession, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces with life imprisonment. Three years later, Deng received former British Prime Minister Edward Heath, sent as Special Envoy to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, to understand the People`s Republic of China`s plans for the handover of Hong Kong; During their meeting, Deng outlined his plan to make the territory a special economic zone that would retain its capitalist system under Chinese sovereignty.  He stressed that “the imposition of this legislation by the Beijing government, instead of leaving it to its own Hong Kong institutions, was in direct contradiction with Article 23 of the Chinese Basic Law for Hong Kong… hong Kong should present the national security rules itself. The Basic Law was officially promulgated on 4 April 1990 by the NPC as well as the HKSAR flag and emblem projects.